Dublin City Council Quantity Surveyors Mary Flynn and Paul Dunne talk about the roll out of BIM within the Council, their investment in software, the savings and the lifecycle benefits BIM will bring.
Paul Dunne is a Chartered Surveyor and Chief Quantity Surveyor with Dublin City Council. Mary Flynn is a Chartered Surveyor with Dublin City Council and co-founder of the Public BIM Group, comprising of the major public bodies collaborating on common interests. Here, they tell us about the Council’s BIM Implementation.
Council rolling out BIM
Dublin City Council (DCC) took the strategic decision in Spring 2017 to roll out BIM within the organisation. Prior to that, DCC had long recognised the major benefits of adopting BIM. The use of external BIM Consultants on complex projects such as Parnell Square Cultural Quarters and the North City Operations Depot was the seedlings of DCC’s drive to implement BIM throughout the daily built environment operations. DCC had also engaged in “lonely” BIM for Dolphin House, Phase 1.
DCC are implementing their BIM plans over a three-year period in a similar fashion to the ‘NBC Roadmap to Digital Transformation’ and this is broken down into targets, goals and timeframes (short, medium and long-term). DCC have a clear vision of what they want to achieve and recognise that this is an ambitious and mammoth task, involving some 5,000 plus staff and numerous departments at different stages of BIM development and awareness. “Our mission statement can be summed up simply as ‘DCC want to become a Smart Council, within a Smart City, within a Smart Government’,” the Surveyors tell us. “DCC are centring their digitisation efforts on four core capabilities: services, processes, decisions, and data sharing. DCC are using digital tools to improve their interactions with citizens and businesses, in line with the eGovernment Strategy 2017-2020, they recognise the key to good digital transformation is understanding the user’s perspective.”
BIM Implementation will save time; studies such as Avanti have shown potential savings of 10% – 25% from working in a BIM environment. These savings come from being able to find accurate data, faster in a single shared space (data inputted once, populated many times), they come from a reduction in wasteful design revision, better time and information co-ordination in the construction phase to avoid costly rework or corrections on site.
DCC are engaging on identifying and removing wastage in all its many guises as well as process clutter and moving to automated, efficient digital platforms, whilst improving their data capturing, sharing and analysis capabilities to help drive efficiency improvements and allow effective decision making within the Council. “DCC recognise that information is a valuable asset and better information management is an essential part of becoming a Smart Council,” they say.
Mary is working as a Strategic Group member implementing BIM adoption within the Council. This involves working from the top down, developing the OIR’s (Organisational Information Requirements) and the AIR’s (Asset Information Requirements) whilst at the same time working from the bottom up, using bespoke EIR’s (Employer Information Requirements) which incorporate the latest digital technologies and processes to deliver major infrastructure projects and drive accelerated performance.
“My role involves painting a full picture of where we are currently and where we want to be, including recognising the risks and valuing the issues, challenges and disruption of BIM integration into the Council,” she says. “Whilst at the same time costing and valuing the benefits of improved business performance, decision making, cost savings potential. The EU BIM Task Group claim that by 2025, full-scale digitalisation will lead to annual global savings of between 13% to 21% in the design, engineering and construction phases and 10% to 17% in the operations phase.”
The DCC BIM Strategic Steering Group is led by Paul Dunne, Chief Quantity Surveyor. This group comprises of Paul and six senior representatives who are strategic decision makers, drawn from the Architects, Surveyors and Roads Divisions, Facilities Management as well as Smart Dublin and the Head of IS Department. “The BIM Steering Group has its own funding, resources and administration staff,” Paul tells us. “The Group employ the best specialist expertise from industry-recognised BIM Consultants as required.”
As the Council progresses its BIM Implementation on an incremental basis, through its pilot schemes and training, BIM will be rolled out on more and more projects and processes through external consultants and in-house staff. DCC has a Vision, which shows leadership; they have an ongoing Strategy, which will have management and team buy-in, they have the Tools – software, processes, they have the Team, which have been empowered through training and tools, having invested in team building and team commitment.
DCC are upskilling staff to have the skills and expertise to meet these demands and become immersed in the Council’s BIM ethos and who will become BIM Champions. DCC will continue to have ongoing review processes in place ensuring its continuous improvement targets and metrics to ensure continued success going forward. BIM will be implemented. We are told more about the trialling of tools.
Autodesk AEC Collection Trialling
In their Pilot Schemes, which DCC are using as project-based learning models, they have opportunities for sounding the markets and trialling different software technologies. “We are looking at numerous softwares to give us the deliverables and outcomes that best suit our needs,” they tell us. “Our goal is to have compatibility with the private sector and be able to operate at national and international levels, being at the forefront and being current in today’s BIM world.” They recognise that ‘one size software does not fit all’ and would indeed be counter-productive and so to fully realise the full potential of BIM, the software programs must be ‘design specific’ and be fit for purpose. There is no single BIM tool that does it all. Therefore it is envisaged that DCC will have many different software programs, CDEs, and so on with its digital technology Implementation.
Autodesk have shown great collaboration in the trialling and training of their AEC Collection on the Pilot Schemes. “Autodesk have amongst other vendors been very helpful in showcasing their digital technologies in workshops within DCC where the design professionals have opportunities to pose problems, interrogate and probe the Autodesk staff on their solutions,” they tell us. “Autodesk have engaging seminars, webinars and online solutions to any problems that may arise and of course, they have the Autodesk University, which has proven very helpful.”
DCC have researched and examined the use of Revit by all of the design professionals engaged on one of the largest Government projects, the National Children’s Hospital. “On this project,” Mary tells us “Revit is used by the architectural, structural, mechanical & electrical consultants, even the quantity surveyors are using Revit to the point that all of the professionals are communicating through Revit minutes.”
It was decided that the best way forward was to adopt “a learn from doing approach” hence the Pilot Schemes. Mary says: “DCC required the Autodesk Civil 3D software for the Roads Division, this was trialled on the Cathedral Street Pilot Project and was installed on a number of machines. Hands-on training was also provided for the Civil 3D.”
Revit and the AEC collection were installed on a number of machines for two Housing Pilot Schemes within the Architectural Department, namely Dolphin Phase 2 and Infirmary Road. Again, extensive training was provided for the two teams. “The NBC Digital Roadmap 2021, in its BIM Mandate shows the ‘Bimming’ of High Density Apartments in Q3 of 2020. DCC hope to be fully immersed in the BIM process ahead of that date,” they tell us.
A number of AEC licences were also installed within the Quantity Surveyors Division with training provided. This software was used by the Quantity Surveyors to interrogate the models, providing clash detection amongst other outputs. BIM has many benefits over the lifecycle.
“DCC are implementing BIM for FM to harvest the maximum benefits and return on their investments over the life of their assets,” Paul tells us. “All major projects going forward will be designed with this end in mind thus ensuring a seamless transition of valuable information from the design stage through to the full facilities management BMS systems with the information being inputted once and being used many times e.g. Life Cycle Analysis; Life Cycle Costing; Carbon Costing etc.”
DCC are taking steps to analyse all their capital projects going forward and compile a useful current database of Life Cycle Costs to inform future decision-making since the greatest savings occur during the operating phase and decisions can be made during the capital stage to greatly reduce these costs. On handover, DCC will receive an Asset Information Model (AIM), which will be invaluable and give them a greater understanding and better management of their asset portfolio. DCC will acquire two assets, a virtual and built asset.
A sample of current DCC BIM projects include prestigious projects such as the Hugh Lane Gallery, Parnell Square Cultural Quarter; in the Sports Facilities realm include the rebuilding of Dalymount Park for Shelbourne & Bohemians Football Clubs, the Whitewater Kayak Course in Dublin’s IFSC: in the Commercial sector include the North City Operations Depot: in the Digital sector, include the Smart City Strategic Docklands Development: in the Civil sector, include Cathedral Street: in the Housing Sector, include Dolphin House Phase 1 and Phase 2, Infirmary Road
Paul and Mary’s advice to public organisations considering BIM adoption is to join Public BIM Group, a forum for public organisations debating these concerns, which are peculiar to the public sector and which is now a constituent part of the National BIM Council.
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